Perhaps you have bought some bicycles that have given you tough times. Frankly, choosing a bicycle might be a hard decision to make. Nevertheless, you can have a bike that is right for you if you do a thorough research. Here, we have saved you a headache by providing you with the different types of bicycles that are available in the market so that you can make the right decision.
The following are the basic questions you need to consider before you decide to buy a bicycle:
- What type of terrain will you be biking?
- Do you want to be riding fast or slowly?
- Do you want to be carrying kinds of stuff or a person with you?
- Will you be using a trailer with your bicycle?
- How do you want your bicycle to look like?
- What do you dislike in your former bike?
- Above all, what is your budget?
Having had the right answers at hand, you will be able to choose the type of bicycle that is best for you.
Types of Bicycles
1. Road Bikes
These are bicycles that are used for speed riding while travelling on paved roads. They have the following key features:
- Smooth narrow tires to reduce frictions.
- Bent handlebars to support the body weight and reduce air resistance.
- Ergonomically constructed with the right geometry to offer super comfort for the rider for a long distance travel.
- Bent handlebar geometry offers the rider convenience.
- Lightweight but robust and heavy duty to carry heavy loads.
- Gearing systems are so designed for convenient maneuverability through sharp corners.
2. Cyclocross Bikes
These type of bikes are sometimes called cross, CX or cyclo-cross bicycles. They are a form of racing bicycles typically designed for cyclo-cross races. The basic features include:
- Lightweight, but with firm and responsive frames.
- The gearing and chainring systems make cyclo-cross bicycles fit for muddy terrains.
- Off-road knobby tires to improve tractions on soft and very smooth terrains.
- The brake system is well designed to prevent mud buildup in the pedal and the frame.
- Drop handlebar to support the weight of the rider and reduce air resistance.
- Suitable for winter ride through the snow.
- Frame geometry for a better position that gives the rider complete control.
3. Touring Bikes
These are bicycles that are specifically designed for touring purposes. These are some of the basic features that make them suitable for touring:
- They race faster.
- Robust frame to support heavy loads.
- Long wheelbase for a comfortable riding.
- Frame geometry gets rid of pedal-to-luggage conflict.
- Heavy duty and wide wheels to for heavy load capacity.
- Multiple and versatile mounting areas for fenders, bottle cages and luggage racks.
- Flexible frame materials for rider’s comfort.
4. Adventure Road Bikes
Adventure road bikes are a type of road bicycles but with much more capabilities. They are sometimes called gravel, all-road or any-road bikes. They are designed for adventure loving riders. Basic features include:
- Light drop-bar, like crossroad bicycles, for riders comfort.
- Relatively giant knobby tire for woodland and gravel paths.
- Longer and more upright comfortable frame geometry suitable for commuting and touring. – A sturdy frame to support large loads.
- Solid rack eyelets and mudguards to stay warm during winter rides.
- Disc brakes with a superior stopping power.
- Comfortable clearance for convenient maneuvering through diverse terrains.
5. Triathlon/Time Trial Bikes
Triathlon or Time trial bikes are types of bicycles with an aerodynamic design for time trialing racing in which the rider rides against the clock on relatively short and flat tracks. The key features include:
- Drop handlebar to reduce air resistance.
- Teardrop tube profiles optimize airflow and reduce friction.
- Frame geometry with rider’s aero positioning reduces riding drag.
- The steeper seat tube and angle and bottom bracket positioning for rider’s superb comfort.
- The stiff frame with the massive bottom bracket shell offers excellent power transfer for a high forward momentum.
- The vented forks improve airflow around the wheels.
6. Fitness Bikes
Fitness bikes are also called exercise bicycles, flat-bar road bikes or performance hybrid bikes. The features that make them fit for body fitness include:
- Lightweight but rugged frames.
- Smooth pedaling system for comfortable pedaling.
- Convenient geometry with low seat height for riders comfort.
- Drop handlebar reduces air resistance.
- Pedal cage with convenient foot straps offers a responsive footing and comfort.
7. Track/Fixed Gear Bikes
These bicycles are also called fixies. They are designed for racing on a velodrome. Features include:
- Durable chains with less sideways forces.
- Simple design makes them easy to maintain.
- Simple gear system with less ability to coast so you need a continuous pedaling to keep moving.
- More mechanically efficient drivetrains.
- The transmission provides increased feedback for back tire grip making it suitable for riding through slippery terrains.
8. Mountain Bikes
Moutain bicycles are designed for off-road cycling. They are suitable for touring and commuting. They come with features that offer them high performance and durability making then suitable for rough terrains:
- Front suspension (hardtails) or full suspension (duallies) and lower gear ratio for conveniently climbing a steep grade.
- Large knobby tires with durable wheels for balance riding and superb maneuverability.
- Powerful brakes with a higher gear ratio for going down steep terrains.
- Robust construction with the wide tires and strong rims makes the bicycles popular with couriers and urban riders.
9. Hybrid Bikes
Hybrid bikes are also called general purpose bikes. They are bicycles with combined features of the mountain bike, road bikes and touring bikes which makes them versatile; suitable for casual riders, commuters, children and beginners.
- Flat straight handlebar with the upright seat makes it suitable as a mountain bike.
- The geometric configuration makes it more comfortable and intuitive for many bicyclists.
- Narrow wheel and smooth tires reduce friction and make it suitable as a road bike.
- Points for racks and mount bags for loads makes it suitable as a touring bike.
- The gear system gives you absolute control
10. Dual Sport Bikes
These are a sub-category of hybrid bikes that are is designed for riders looking for more aggressive styles and riding positions. They are suitable for commuters and touring off-road. The basic features include:
- Moderate frame and fork clearance with wide tires making it suitable for an off-road ride.
- Upright handlebar, relatively lower than the hybrids.
- Smaller, but more performance-oriented seat.
- Narrow tire reduces friction.
- Wide wheel with low tread offers an improved power transfer and an efficient pedalling through a long distance.
- Rack mounts and fenders make it suitable for commuting and hauling.
11. Cruiser Bikes
Like hybrid bicycles, cruiser bicycles are also designed for a casual ride, to be used on paved roads with slow speed and for short-distance commuting. Their features include:
- Ballon tires with upright seating position offer the rider amazing comfort.
- Single-speed drivetrain with the single gear ratio makes it suitable for trail riding for climbing hills and overcoming obstacles.
- Extra wider tires offer the rider superb stability and maneuverability.
- Heavyweight with the balloon tyre makes it relatively slow.
- Single-speed or 3-speed with the traditional coaster brakes.
12. Flat-foot Comfort Bikes
These bicycles are a sub-category of cruiser bikes. Their features include:
- Elongated frame design that pushes the pedals a few centimeters off the seat so as to allow the rider to put his feet on the ground while stopping.
- The frame configuration still allows the rider to conveniently extend the feet while pedaling.
- Gearing system provides efficient transmissions.
- The brakes offer sharp and comfortable stoppage.
13. City Bikes
City bikes are also called commuter or urban bikes. However, the name does not imply that they are exclusively for the city. Features:
- Upright riding position like a cruiser bike.
- Narrow wheel size like hybrid bikes.
Features that make this type of bicycles suitable for riding in regular clothes include:
- Fender for protection.
- Chain guard that covers the chain keeps clothes from oil stains.
- Rear wheel and skirt guards.
Since they look like regular bikes used in Amsterdam and bike-loving cities of Europe, they are also referred to as Cutch bikes.
14. BMX Bikes
BMX bikes are small size bikes that are popular among kids. However, they are also used by adults. They are also used for racing. Features:
- Lightweight and easy to handle or move.
- Small gear provides an improved clearance while grinding.
- The geometry makes it suitable for an aerobic workout, muscle building and weight loss.
- Handlebars configuration gives the rider an upright position for a convenient ride.
15. Folding Bikes
These bicycles are for those who desire to travel and take their bikes along, whether with their cars, boats or on planes. Hence, they are suitable for commuters.
- Small portable and easy to store.
- Smaller wheels make them a little less efficient than standard bikes.
- Trickier to handle.
16. Recumbent Bikes
These are bicycles that place the rider in reclining (backrest) seat on which the rider can lay his back. These bikes have ergonomic features:
- Geometry allows the rider’s weight to be distributed over a large area.
- Seat supports the buttock and the back of the rider making it comfortable.
- Forward leg position of the rider offers aerodynamic advantages.
- Due to the size, they are not portable.
- Difficult to ride up a steep terrain.
17. Tandem Bikes
A tandem Bike is also called twin. They are bicycles that are designed to for riding by two persons. Features:
- Double pedaling does not really double the speed.
- Drivetrain slightly improves efficiency as it offers a less frictional loss.
- Slightly better power-to-weight ratio.
There are many varieties of Tandem bicycles, which include cruiser tandems, off-road tandems, hybrid tandems, road racing tandems and many more.
18. Adult Tricycles
Adult tricycles, also called adult trikes, are the bicycles designed in favor of children and older people as well as for shopping, recreation and exercise. Key features include:
- Three-wheel configuration more relatively stable.
- Conventional type offers poor lateral stability while riding.
- Swift cornering is impossible.
- Recumbent type is more stable.
With the above-mentioned types of bicycles and their features, we have converted the ground for you. Moreover, you will be able to choose the type of bicycle that is right for you.